“Art of Training” — Training Philosophy

ART OF TRAINING — Philosophy, Strategy, Design and Implementation


Musings of a Veteran Trainer


Training Strategy is the sine qua non for the efficacy of a Training Programme.

In fact — Training Strategy is the basis for Training Design and Implementation.

That is why — the first thing I used to do before designing a training programme — was to reflect, explore, consider, analyse and decide as to which Training Philosophy is relevant to the context in the particular Training Need and Environment.



There are 3 Basic Training Philosophies:

1. Confucian Training Philosophy

2. Zen Training Philosophy

3. On-the-job Training Philosophy


You must formulate your Training Strategy as per your Training Philosophy.

Thus — Training Philosophy is the foundation — the core — of the “Art of Training”.



The Objective of Confucian Training Philosophy is:

The Aim of Training is to Qualify the Trainee for a more Important Job.

In other words — Training is inextricably linked with Career Advancement.

Most Military Training Courses are based on the Confucian Training Philosophy.

Since Confucian Type Training is primarily for promotion — if the training is not followed by promotion or career advancement quickly enough — non-realization of expectations may create frustration and resentment in the trainee.



The Objective of Zen Training Philosophy is:

The purpose of training is continuous improvement in performance.

The emphasis here is on “continuous improvement”.

The Aim of Training is to improve the Present Performance of the Trainee — by focusing on excellence in work and self-development.

Zen Type training aims at strengthening the inner urge and enhancing requisite skills for work-excellence and job-satisfaction — without the trainee expecting any tangible material reward or career advancement due to the training.



And — of course — if you want to avoid a formal training programme altogether — there is always my favourite good old time-tested “On-The-Job Training” philosophy which is breathtaking in its simplicity:

“Entrust a man with responsibility — and then tell him to get on with the job…!”

It is called “On the Job Training” and it always works — you can take my word for it…!!!

The Navy believes in “On the Job Training” — and — during my Navy Days — I saw the efficacy of “On the Job Training” — especially on Ships.


In my blog — I have posted a hilarious story on “On-The-Job Training”



Hey — Dear Reader — can you this please tell us the difference between Training and Education.

Is there a difference between “Training” and “Education”…?

The difference between Training and Education is explained below.


In my opinion — the difference between Training and Education is as follows:

1. The Aim of Training is to develop the required Skills in the Trainee

2. The Aim of Education is to enhance the Knowledge of the Student


In a nutshell:

“Training” pertains to “skill” development

“Education” pertains to “knowledge” enhancement


If so — what are various “Education Philosophies” akin to “Training Philosophies”…?

Hey — you Academics and Thinkers and Educationists out there.

Please throw some more light on this subject — so that we don’t confuse Training with Education — and vice versa.



In a developing country like India — we need a skilled workforce.

Sadly — in India — we focus too much on Education.

We have too many highly qualified individuals who are unemployable because they do not have the requisite skills.

Even Engineering and Technology Courses focus more on bookish knowledge than practical skill development.

Owing to this — most industrial organisations have to conduct induction training to develop the requisite skills — and make these degree engineers ready for work on the “shopfloor” — to put is metaphorically — and even I have had the opportunity to conduct Induction Training for newly recruited engineers and scientists.

Indian needs SKILL DEVELOPMENT — and — to achieve this — we have to focus more on TRAINING — rather than Degree Oriented Bookish EDUCATION.


We keep opening IITs (Indian Institutes of Technology).


But — in actual fact:

We need more ITIs (Industrial Training Institutes).


In any case — most IIT students migrate abroad, mainly to USA, for lucrative careers and to realize their “American Dream”.

So — India does not gain much from IITs.

On the other hand — ITI trainees work in Indian Industries.

We need more ITIs — maybe an ITI in each district.

So — we should proliferating IITs — and start opening ITIs instead.

Yes — in order to achieve “skill development” — India needs more ITIs than IITs.



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All stories in this blog are a work of fiction. Events, Places, Settings and Incidents narrated in the story are a figment of my imagination. The characters do not exist and are purely imaginary. Any resemblance to persons, living or dead, is purely coincidental.

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This is a revised and updated version of my article first written by me Vikram Karve around 26 years ago in the year 1995 and posted online earlier by me a number of times including at urls: http://karvediat.blogspot.in/2011/08/training-strategy.html and http://education.sulekha.com/art-of-training_94865_blog and http://karvediat.blogspot.in/2009/07/art-of-training.html and http://karvediat.blogspot.in/2012/07/types-of-training.html and http://karvediat.blogspot.in/2012/01/how-to-design-training-program-first.html and http://karvediat.blogspot.in/2012/12/how-to-train-people-musings-on-training.html and http://karvediat.blogspot.com/2019/02/how-to-impart-training.htmland https://karve.wordpress.com/2019/02/10/art-of-training/ and http://karvediat.blogspot.com/2015/08/training-and-education.html and https://karve.wordpress.com/2019/06/07/art-of-training-training-philosophy/ and https://karve.wordpress.com/2021/05/28/the-art-of-training-training-philosophy/ etc

© vikram karve., all rights reserved.

A creative person with a zest for life, alumnus IIT Delhi, Lawrence School Lovedale, Vikram Karve is a retired Navy Officer turned full time Writer and Blogger

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Vikram Karve

A creative person with a zest for life, alumnus IIT Delhi, Lawrence School Lovedale, Vikram Karve is a retired Navy Officer turned full time Writer and Blogger